Top 8 Most Significant US Presidents in History!
The United States, one of the most powerful countries in the world, has been led by several Presidents. But among these, there are some whose names are particularly remembered in history. Discover them now!
Top 8 Most Significant US Presidents in History!
George Washington was the first president of the United States. He is a wealthy landowner from Virginia. He is also one of the founding fathers of the United States. Washington is a true statesman who has worked hard for the independence of his country. Indeed, he was the head of the Continental Army (name given to the troops of the thirteen American colonies) during the War of Independence. In 1787 he participated in the drafting of the American constitution.
He became a national hero after having militarily defeated the English at Yorktown with the help of France. George Washington remains a man of great respect among Americans to this day. His name is attached to a lot of infrastructure in the country (city, state, river and university) and his image also appears on the US dollar coin.
Abraham Lincoln is a lawyer from a modest family. He is the sixteenth President of the United States and the first Republican President. His election in 1860 was the signal for the Civil War won by the North. In 1863 he proclaimed the abolition of black slavery contained in the Thirteenth Amendment to the constitution. Later, Lincoln would establish a national banking system. He is also the one who initiated the construction of the first transcontinental railway (between Sacramento and Omaha). He will unfortunately be assassinated in 1865 by John W. Booth (a southern actor) in a theater.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
The initiator of the modern presidency, Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only four-time president elected in the history of the United States of America (1932, 1936, 1940, 1944). Indeed, as soon as he came to power in 1933, he faced the most serious crisis the United States has ever known. To alleviate this crisis, the democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt launches the “New Deal” (New deal) and sets up a reforming policy. At 39, he was attacked by a polio attack that left him paralyzed. But the American virtuoso did not lower the flags and continue his political career. He will even be recognized as one of the great pioneers of the victory of Great Britain, France and the United States (all allies) over Germany, Italy and Japan.
He will finally participate in the Yalta conference from February 4 to 11, 1945 before surrendering two months later (April 12, 1945).
Lyndon B. Johnson
Prior to becoming president, Lyndon B. Johnson was John Kennedy’s vice president. The latter was assassinated on November 23, 1963 in Dallas. In the plane that brought back the remains of John Kennedy, his vice president was sworn in and officially became president. It is to him that we owe the laws confirming the abolition of racial discrimination and the right to vote for African Americans (the Civil Right Act in 1964 and the Voting Right Act in 1965). When he was democratically elected in 1964, he initiated a huge program for the poor. It is also thanks to him that Americans who are below the poverty line have health insurance (Medicaid). Likewise, Lyndon B. Johnson initiated the reconstruction of many American cities. He is also recognized as one of the American presidents who worked the most for the well-being of his people.
Coming from a very wealthy family, John Kennedy was a charismatic man and the first Catholic president the United States of America knew. Elected at 43, he is also the youngest of the American presidents. His presidency is marked by a policy based on the promotion of the financial sector.
Kennedy is from the Democratic Party, but was not unanimous in his own camp. Southern conservatives have opposed certain aspects of its policy, notably the fight against segregation. He was brutally shot in the middle of the street in Dallas by Lee Harvey Oswald on November 22, 1963. His murder still remains a mystery to many Americans.
Ronald W. Reagan
Prior to being president, Ronald Reagan was an actor in Series B and later Governor of California. He is the oldest American president ever to take office. While the US economy was in decline when he took power, Reagan made it prosperous and flourishing. Then, the Republican implements a very firm international policy. He later embarked on an arms race unprecedented in peacetime. In 1981, he escaped an attack.
Richard M. Nixon
Richard Nixon was the Vice President of the United States in 1952. He was elected President after the 1968 election. Supported by Henry Kissinger, Nixon improved diplomatic relations with the United States.
First, he recognized the People’s China in 1972. Then, he negotiated a diplomatic agreement with the USSR before ending the Vietnam War in 1973. On August 9, 1974, he ended his political career by resigning at the sequel to the Watergate scandal (Democratic Party spying).
George W. Bush
Elected on January 20, 2001, George Bush is the 43rd President of the United States. He was elected thanks to a slight difference in votes. Some even call him ‘badly elected’. Indeed, his presidency has not been resplendent at all. The start of his reign was marked by the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
Bush then develops a policy of “war on terrorism”. Then he will have the USA PATRIOT Act passed by the United States Congress. Towards the end of his term in 2008, a financial crisis shook the United States. A ‘badly elected’, or not?